The Golden Age of Hollywood was a period of continued excellence and expansion for American cinema. Some of history’s most iconic pictures came out during the period, and many actors cemented their enduring legacies as larger-than-life screen paragons who keep inspiring audiences and fellow actors today.
Indeed, many of the Golden Age’s greatest actors built impressive resumés full of incredible and influential pictures that remain fan and critical favorites. In 1999, as part of the celebrations of a century of American cinema, the American Film Institute named the ten best actors from classic Hollywood, including some of the big screen’s most iconic and timeless performers.
Widely considered the greatest and most recognizable star from the silent era, Charlie Chaplin is also one of the big-screen most emblematic figures. The actor rose to prominence following the foundation of United Artists, which granted him complete control over his pictures. 1921’s The Kid turned him into a star, paving the way for a successful and decade-spanning career.
Chaplin refused to move to sound pictures for years, producing two of his most iconic silent films — City Lights and Modern Times — while talkies were quickly proliferating. He finally made his sound debut with the now-revered 1940 satire The Great Dictator, an open mockery of Adolf Hitler. And while his career declined in the 40s following communism suspicions, Chaplin’s legacy as a performer has already been secured.
Spencer Tracy was the first actor to win back-to-back Best Actor Oscars, a feat that has only been achieved once again. Renowned for his naturalistic approach and rejection of method acting and other experimental techniques of his time, Tracy was one of classic Hollywood’s leading figures, starring in multiple hits and earning acclaim for his versatility and mastery of numerous genres.
However, Tracy is perhaps best known for his numerous films opposite his long-time partner Katharine Hepburn. The pair starred in nine movies, including classics like Woman of the Year, Adam’s Rib, and Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner. Tracy also led several major hits alone, most notably the original Father of the Bride, The Old Man and the Sea,and Judgment at Nuremberg.
A bonafide triple threat, James Cagney was famous for his acting, dancing, and directing abilities. The actor rose to international prominence during the 1930s thanks to films like The Public Enemy and Angels with Dirty Faces, crafting a tough-guy persona that would define much of his early career.
1942 was a turning point for Cagney’s career. The actor starred in the classic Yankee Doodle Dandy, a musical biopic that allowed him to play against type, winning the Oscar for Best Actor. Cagney’s career would continue flourishing throughout the 40s and 50s, thanks to films like White Heat, Kiss Tomorrow Goodbye, and Love Me or Leave Me.
Rising to prominence during the silent era, Clark Gable achieved international fame and acclaim during the 1930s, eventually becoming one of the most beloved and commercially successful stars of the Golden Age. Gable won the Oscar for his performance in the classic romantic comedy It Happened One Night, cementing his place as one of the business’ leading figures.
Gable found further success with his performance as Rhett Butler in 1939’s Gone with the Wind, now considered among the all-time best films. Gable’s career would continue thriving for the next two decades; his final film, The Misfits, saw him co-starring opposite Marilyn Monroe. Curiously, it would be the last picture for both legendary actors.
Henry Fonda was among classic Hollywood’s most relatable heroes, a guy-next-door anyone could root for. He became a household name with performances in films like Jezebel and Young Mr. Lincoln before achieving universal critical and commercial success with John Ford‘s 1940 Americana masterpiece The Grapes of Wrath.
The 40s and 50s were crucial for Fonda’s legacy, with the actor starring in multiple acclaimed pictures, including The Lady Eve and 12 Angry Men. Despite his numerous on-screen triumphs, Fonda wouldn’t win an Oscar until 1982, thanks to his performance in the family drama On Golden Pond, which saw him co-starring opposite his daughter, Jane Fonda.
Widely considered the best dancer in classic Hollywood, Fred Astaire became a cultural icon thanks to his many popular movies, many of which co-starred the equally gifted Ginger Rogers. Astaire’s career spanned seven decades and included successful stints in movies, television, and theater, solidifying his legacy as one of America’s leading entertainers.
Among Astaire’s most well-known films are Top Hat, Swing Time, Holiday Inn, The Band Wagon, and Funny Face. Astaire’s only Oscar nomination came thanks to 1975’s The Towering Inferno, although he won an honorary award in 1950. Today, many of Astaire’s partnerships with Rogers are often included among the all-time best and most rewatchable movie musicals.
Method acting became huge in Hollywood thanks to many up-and-coming performers, particularly Marlon Brando. The young actor, a student of Stella Adler, became celebrated for his intense and immersive technique, resulting in raw and poignant performances that cemented his legacy as a screen titan.
Brando won his first Oscar for portraying Stanley Kowalski in Elia Kazan‘s 1951 dramatic masterpiece A Streetcar Named Desire. Three years later, he would win another Oscar for his groundbreaking and lauded work in Kazan’s On the Waterfront, a performance often considered among the all-time best. Brando would continue acting for the next two decades, winning a third Oscar for his now-iconic turn as Vito Corleone in Francis Ford Coppola‘s The Godfather.
In the pantheon of “everyman” actors, none reigns higher than James Stewart. In his nearly sixty-year career, Stewart starred in multiple iconic pictures, with his name becoming synonymous with prestige and box-office success during Hollywood’s Golden Age.
A Princeton graduate, Stewart’s ticket to fame was his early collaborations with Frank Capra, especially 1939’s political comedy Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, which earned him the first of five Oscar nominations. He would win his only competitive Oscar a year later for his work in the pioneering romantic comedy The Philadelphia Story, continuing his success in the 1940s with the Christmas classic It’s a Wonderful Life. The 1950s would also be kind to Stewart, with the actor starring in several hits, including the Alfred Hitchcock gems Rope, Rear Window, and Vertigo.
Cary Grant is one of the most well-known figures of classic Hollywood, a respected actor and celebrated comedian who perfected the “leading man” persona. Grant built his fame by starring in some of the all-time best screwball comedies, including The Awful Truth, Bringing Up Baby, and His Girl Friday.
The 1950s saw Grant starring in many Hitchcock films that would cement his legacy, including Notorious, Suspicion, To Catch a Thief, and especially North by Northwest. He would also star in several romantic comedies like An Affair to Remember and Indiscreet. Grant’s fame and acclaim would carry onto the 60s, with hits like That Touch of Mink and Charade. Although he never won a competitive Oscar, Grant won an honorary award in 1970.
Quite possibly the most recognizable actor from classic Hollywood, Humphrey Bogart built a career many would kill for. He began his acting journey in the early 30s, starring in several stage shows before receiving his breakthrough role in The Maltese Falcon, often considered a pioneering entry into film noir.
A year later, Bogart secured his place in immortality thanks to his role in Casablanca. Bogart would become a staple in film noir, with films like The Big Sleep, Key Largo, and In a Lonely Place. He would win his only Oscar for 1951’s The African Queen, continuing his success throughout the 50s with films like The Barefoot Contessa and Sabrina. Bogart was among the few classic Hollywood actors to die during the Golden Age, succumbing to cancer in 1957.